Canada has formulated strict legal regulations for the chemical safety of toy products. There are three main regulations involving chemical safety performance. Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (SC 2010, c. 21, CCPSA), Toy Regulations/2011-17 and Surface Coatings Regulations . The regulations of these Acts have made corresponding provisions on the limits of heavy metals (such as lead, mercury), phthalates, organic solvents, etc. Li Gong: 18938884070 (VX)
1. Heavy Metals
The surface coating of toys may contain certain amounts of heavy metals due to the use of paints and coatings. In order to protect children's health, the Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (SC 2010, c. 21, CCPSA) and the Surface Paint Regulations stipulate that the content of heavy metals (such as lead, mercury, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, selenium) in toys cannot exceed the limit. It is worth noting that Canada's testing method for heavy metals is different from that of any other country in the world including Europe and the United States. It mainly adopts the "GLP Principles" formulated by the OECD. Test methods can be found in Methods C-02, C-03, C-07, C-10 in the Canadian Product Safety Reference Manual, Volume 5 – Laboratory Policies and Procedures – Part B of Test Methods.The more important lead and mercury contents are explained below: (1) Lead
Lead is a neurotoxic heavy metal that has adverse effects on women and children. Exposure to lead in the environment will affect the brain development and physical growth of children, making infants and young children short and mentally retarded. In 1976, based on the Hazardous Products Act, Canada promulgated the Hazardous Products (Liquid Coating Materials) Regulations, which were later amended. On April 19, 2005, the revised "Surface Coating Materials Regulations" (Surface Coating Materials Regulations) came into effect, and the original regulations were repealed. The newly adopted regulations clearly stipulate that the lead content of the surface coating materials of toys exceeds 600 mg/kg, which will be prohibited from being imported into Canada or advertised and sold in Canada. This is more stringent than the 5000 mg/kg lead limit previously allowed in the Dangerous Products (Liquid Paint) Regulations. On November 10, 2010, Canada issued regulations to modify surface coating materials, and the lead content of surface coatings of specific products was reduced from /kg to /kg.
In addition, on December 8, 2010, Canada amended the Hazardous Substances Act (CHPA) according to the lead-containing consumer products (contact with the mouth) regulations, which will be in contact with the mouth during normal use except tableware and for children under the age of 3 to play and learn. The total lead content requirement of the products is increased, and the total lead content does not exceed /kg.
Mercury is another neurotoxic chemical element that has adverse effects on the human nervous system, kidneys, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract. The Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (SC 2010, c. 21, CCPSA) limits the mercury content to 0.1% (volume fraction), and later the Surface Coatings Regulations set the mercury limit to 10 mg/kg (this limit is unique to Canada).
Phthalates are a class of chemicals that can soften and are widely used in toys, food packaging materials, personal care products, etc. Phthalates play a female-like role in humans and animals, disrupt endocrine and affect the reproductive system of the human body. On December 22, 2010, the Canadian Phthalates Regulations (/2010-298) were formally proposed as regulations and entered into force on June 10, 2011. Regulations require that the content of DEHP, DBP and BBP in vinyl materials contained in toys and child care products under 4 years old should be ≤ 0.1%, and the vinyl materials contained in toys and child care products under 4 years old that are put into the mouth by children. DINP, DIDP and DNOP content also needs to be ≤ 0.1 %.
3. Organic Solvents
Organic solvents are generally volatile and toxic. In order to ensure the chemical safety of toys, the Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (SC 2010, c. 21, CCPSA) stipulates that toys containing the following organic solvents are prohibited from being imported into Canada or advertised in Canada To promote and sell:
(1) Contains, methanol (or substances containing more than 1% methanol), petroleum fractions (or substances containing more than 10% petroleum fractions), benzene, turpentine (or substances containing more than 10% turpentine), boric acid or boric acid Salt, salt, and other toxic substances that may be touched by small children or that may leak from ruptures;
(2) Children's inflatable balloons containing aromatic, aliphatic and other organic solvents can dissolve in gaseous or liquid form directly into the mouth.
4. Other Hazardous Substances
Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act (SC 2010, c. 21, CCPSA) stipulates: toys (such as asbestos-containing crayons) that contain asbestos (such as asbestos, etc.) from products in any state; except for table tennis balls In addition, toys made in whole or in part from or containing celluloid or nitrocellulose are prohibited from being imported into Canada or being advertised and sold in Canada. Toy regulations require toys and children's products not to contain excessive amounts of toxic, corrosive and irritating substances and sensitizers, but do not limit specific chemical substances.
Crib, baby Qianqiu apply for CCPSA certification test project
Canada Amazon Children's Toys CCPSA Certification Process:
1. Provide sample diagrams;
2. Confirm testing standards and regulations;
3. Provide physical sample testing;
4. Pay the inspection fee;
5. Test the sample, and issue a test report if the test is qualified;
6. If the test fails, resubmit the sample for testing.
Canadian Amazon Children's Toys CCPSA Certification Fee:
Depending on the product, different product testing fees are different, and product pictures can be provided to estimate the cost.
Canada Amazon children's toys CCPSA certification cycle: normal cycle 5-7 working days.