In November 2011, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) International released a new standard for children's jewelry, ASTM F2923-11 – "Children's Jewelry Consumer Product Safety Standard Specification". The standard clarifies that "children's jewelry" is jewelry designed and used for children under the age of 12, and is consistent with the age of related children's products in the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA). And clearly point out the specific restricted substance test methods and requirements in children's jewelry and some mechanical hazard requirements. In addition to this, the standard provides guidelines on how to identify a product as children's jewelry.
The definition of jewelry in the new standard is similar to the scope set by the California jewelry regulations, that is, products designed and intended to be used as personal ornaments; including:
1. Anklets, armbands, bracelets, brooches, chains, crowns, cuff links, hair accessories with decorative elements, earrings or earmuffs, necklaces, brooches, rings, body piercing jewelry, or mouthpieces jewelry
2.. Parts of jewellery listed in (1) above,
3. Charms, beads, chains, rings, pendants or other accessories worn alone or in conjunction with items listed in (i) above may be removed from shoes or clothing
4. Timepieces that are components of jewellery, excluding the timepiece itself if the timepiece is removable
5. Jewelry parts in a handmade set that is ultimately assembled into jewelry and designed to be worn by a person
Who should submit relevant documents?
If you sell children's jewellery, we may ask you to provide documentation to prove the safety of the item. For each product you apply to sell, Amazon requires documentation from you to demonstrate that it has been tested and complied with a standard or regulation.
How do I apply for approval to sell children's jewelry?
Amazon policy requires children's jewelry sold through Amazon.com to meet certain certification standards. If Amazon contacts you, please submit the following information to:
Company name Seller ID/Supplier ID Email address Phone number ASIN listing you are applying to sell Product image and manual (if applicable) (image should include all relevant safety information, compliance signs, widgets and choking hazard warnings) You are applying to sell The ASIN's Children's Commodity Certificate (CPC) is a test report issued by a testing laboratory accepted by the CPSC, confirming that each product has passed the test and meets the following requirements:
Children's jewelry CPC certification ASTMF2923-14 test requirements:
Physical safety requirements for children's jewelry:
1. Age identification
When assessing whether jewelry is intended primarily for children under the age of 12, the following factors need to be considered: the manufacturer's statement of intent to use; the appropriate age of use indicated on packaging, display boxes, promotions or advertisements; whether it is generally believed by consumers to be intended primarily for use by children Yes; jewelry is not recommended for children under the age of 3 unless used under close parental supervision.
It is recommended that children's jewelry contain an age indicator: the age indicator should be visible to the buyer; the form and format can vary; for unpackaged jewelry, the age indicator can be displayed on a separate price tag, or on a retail shelf card or display card ; The age logo can be displayed on the back of the price tag or earring card; the age logo is also recommended to be displayed on the product catalog or online store.
2. Magnets, dangerous magnet parts: the same as ASTM F963, but exempt from dangerous magnet parts containing chains larger than 6 inches.
Requirements: Received hazardous magnets or magnet parts are not allowed. Jewelry for children 8 years and older is not allowed, but needs to meet the warning requirements; children's jewelry for children 8 years and older is received if it contains accessible dangerous magnets or magnet parts , a warning is also required along with the instruction manual.
Warning requirements: The location is the same as the age sign (on the back of the price tag and earrings f} paper, product catalogue or online store), and the color of the background is in sharp contrast; if there are multiple products, the information can be combined; no specific size requirements .
3. Separating device and falling off. Children's jewelry designed to be worn around the neck subject to a 15 lb pull force: By means of a separation device, connection or physical properties of the material designed to allow it to fall apart; No hazardous magnets or magnet parts are generated (except 8 years and older). jewelry, but a warning is required); jewelry for children 8 and under has no dangerous sharp points or sharp edges under the pull test. Exemption: Rings of children's jewelry cannot use test fixtures for structural reasons and are less than 9.4in in circumference.
4. Use and abuse tests and widgets. No danger after use and abuse tested using 16 CFR 1500.50-53; functional cusps on jewelry for children under 8 exempt from 16 CFR 1500.48 (eg brooches). Children's jewelry small parts are exempted from 16 CFR 1501.3.
5. Other recommended warnings
In order to reduce the embedment of the earring parts in the ear due to long-term wearing, it can be done by: increasing the contact area with physical design such as a large back or a retaining ring; if there is no physical design above, a warning should be added to inform consumers that there is a risk of embedding. , check the puncture regularly to avoid the risk of embedment of the earring parts.
6. Battery-operated children's jewelry
Before and after abuse testing (16 CFR 1500.50-53), batteries of small parts should not be accessible without the need for coins, screwdrivers, or other household tools.
When more than one replaceable battery is used in a circuit, the manual or product shall identify the following or equivalent information: old and new batteries cannot be mixed; alkaline batteries, carbon-zinc batteries, and rechargeable batteries cannot be mixed.
A non-replaceable battery that is accessible with a coin, screwdriver, or other household tool, declares that the battery is non-replaceable; if marking on the product is not feasible, this information may be displayed on the packaging or instructions.
Unintentional charging applies when the battery may have been installed incorrectly (eg, reversed), or if the battery's charger can charge jewelry with a non-rechargeable battery. Requires that battery-operated children's jewelry cannot charge non-rechargeable batteries. This can be done in the following ways: Physical design of the battery compartment, with suitable wiring design.
Exemption: Not suitable for use with only one or two non-rechargeable batteries as the sole source of power, not suitable for use as the sole source of power by coin cell batteries. Polarity Identification: Permanently identify the correct polarity on or adjacent to the battery case, and indicate the correct battery type and voltage on jewelry or instructions. Exemption: This section does not apply to non-replaceable batteries or battery packs with specific designs, battery cases that will not hold reverse polarity, coin cell batteries.
Tongue Sucker Studs: Tongue Sucker Studs are prohibited in children's jewelry.
Jewelry Chemical Safety
1. Lead requirements for children's jewelry: The accessible parts of children's jewelry follow the requirements of CPSIA, and the exemption also follows the CPSIA exemption list.
2. Soluble migration content in paint or coating (without soluble lead): the maximum limit should meet the requirements in the following table, the test method should refer to ASTM F963-II or EN 71-3, the coating weight is less than 10mg, no test is required.
3. Cadmium content in the specific base material of Jitong jewelry
Only accessible metal, plastic, polymer materials are tested. If the total cadmium content of the test is less than 300ppm, the migration cadmium content is not required to be tested.
If the total cadmium content of the test exceeds 300ppm, if it is a plastic part of a small part, the test of the migration content will pass the test method of EN 71-3, and the maximum limit cannot exceed 75ppm; if it is a metal part of a small part, the test of the migration content will pass the CPSC-CH – The test method of E1004-11, the maximum limit cannot exceed 200ug, using a calibration factor of 30%; if the metal or plastic part is a non-small part but can be imported, the content of migration is tested by the salt extraction method, and the maximum limit cannot exceed 18ug.
Requirements for the release of nickel from metal parts of children's jewelry: the release of nickel from ear studs or other similar items inserted into ear holes and other piercing parts of the human body should be less than /cm²/week; /cm²/week; test methods refer to EN 1811&EN 12472.
Liquid Filled Children's Jewelry Requirements: Liquids must not contain chemicals listed in 16CFR 1500.231 including: Mercury, Chloromethane, Toluene, Xylene, Methanol, Ethylene Glycol, Diethylene Glycol, Petroleum Distillates, required under 16CFR 1500.14 Specially labeled materials are required to pass the requirements of ASTM F963-17 to eliminate potential hazards.
Amazon CPC certification process?
1. Submit the application form and submit the sample;
2. Confirm the test items;
3 sample detection;
4 Pass the test and issue a CPC certificate